Iso 14001 History

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ISO 14001 is at the core of environmental management systems. Since it’s inception in 1992, it has dictated the standards that make for an environmentally responsible organization. It has morphed into a system that not only works towards the best practices for the environment but also for leadership and communication. ISO 14001 Environmental Management Lead the way in environmental efficiency savings with our rigorous environmental management system standard. ISO 14001 Environmental Management. ISO 45001 is an ISO standard for management systems of occupational health and safety (OH&S), published in March 2018. The goal of ISO 45001 is the reduction of occupational injuries and diseases.

ISO 45001 adoption by country

ISO 45001 is an ISO standard for management systems of occupational health and safety (OH&S), published in March 2018. The goal of ISO 45001 is the reduction of occupational injuries and diseases.[1]

The standard is based on OHSAS 18001, conventions and guidelines of the International Labour Organization including ILO OSH 2001, and national standards.[2][1] It includes elements that are additional to BS OHSAS 18001 (see below: ISO 45001 changes compared to OHSAS 18001:2007) which it is replacing over a three-year migration period from 2018 to 2021.[3]

ISO 45001 also follows the High Level Structure of other ISO standards like ISO 9001:2015 and ISO 14001:2015 which makes integration of these standards much easier.[4][5]

Development[edit]

ISO 45001 was proposed at the ISO in October 2013. The committee ISO/PC 283, created in 2013, had direct responsibility for the standardization process.[6] At least 70 countries contributed to the drafting process.[7] Preparation and committee work lasted until December 2015. From 2015 to 2017, a first draft failed to gain sufficient approval from ISO members and was revised in a second draft, which was approved and refined into a final draft.[6] In the final vote the standard garnered 62 votes in favour, nine abstentions and four votes against from France, India, Spain, and Turkey.[8] The standard was published on 12 March 2018.[6]

Certification[edit]

ISO 45001 is set to replace OHSAS 18001 over three years following its publication in March 2018[9]. BSI will formally withdraw BS OSHAS 18001 in March 2021, at the end of the migration period[9]. ISO 45001 uses the management system standard structure guideline Annex SL to allow for simplified integration with other management system standards, such as ISO 9001 and ISO 14001.[10] The International Accreditation Forum has published requirements for migration from OHSAS 18001 to ISO 45001.[11]

ISO/IEC TS 17021-10:2018 is a technical specification setting out competence requirements for auditing and certification of ISO 45001.[12]

Adoption[edit]

ISO 45001 was adopted as a national standard by Albania, Argentina, Austria, Australia, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Honduras, Hungary, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Malaysia, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Paraguay, Peru, the Philippines, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States, and Uruguay.N-[1]

ISO 45001 changes compared to OHSAS 18001:2007[edit]

  • Context of the organization (Clause 4.1): The organization shall determine internal and external issues that are relevant to its purpose and that affect its ability to achieve the intended outcome(s) of its OH & S management system.
  • Understanding the needs and expectations of workers and other interested parties (clause 4.2): interested parties are workers, suppliers, subcontractors, clients, regulatory authorities.
  • Risk and opportunities (Clauses: 6.1.1, 6.1.2.3, 6.1.4): companies are to determine, consider and, where necessary, take action to address any risks or opportunities that may impact (either positively or negatively) the ability of the management system to deliver its intended results, including enhanced health and safety at the workplace.
  • Leadership and management commitment (Clauses: 5.1) has stronger emphasis on top management to actively engage and take accountability for the effectiveness of the management system.
  • Planning: (clause 6)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

n-[1]a[13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26][27][28][29][30][31][32][33][34][35][36][37][38][39][40][41][42][43][44][45][46][47][48][49][50][51][52][53][54][55][56][57][58][59][60]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ab'ISO 45001 Occupational health and safety'. www.iso.org. Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  2. ^'ILO OSH 2001'. www.ilo.org. ILO. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
  3. ^'ISO 45001'. www.iso.org. ISO official website. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
  4. ^International Standards Organisation, ISO. Information brochure - ISO 45001 (1 ed.). Geneva: ISO. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
  5. ^'ISO high level structure explained'. www.auditortraining.pwc.com.au. PWC (Price waterhouse coopers). Retrieved 25 September 2018.
  6. ^ abc'ISO 45001:2018 - Occupational health and safety management systems -- Requirements with guidance for use'. www.iso.org. Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  7. ^'ISO 45001 is now published'. ISO. Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  8. ^'La norme ISO 45001 publiée prochainement' (in French). Organisme Professionnel de Prévention du Bâtiment et Travaux Publics. 26 February 2018. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
  9. ^ ab'ISO 45001 BS OHSAS 18001 Revision BSI America'. www.bsigroup.com. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
  10. ^'Let the migration begin'. ISO. Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  11. ^'IAF Publications: Mandatory Documents'. www.iaf.nu. 1 February 2018. Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  12. ^'ISO/IEC TS 17021-10:2018'. ISO. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
  13. ^'Sistemet e menaxhimit të shëndetit dhe sigurisë në punë- Kërkesat me udhëzime për përdorim'. Drejtoria e Përgjithshme e Standardizimit. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  14. ^'Sistemas de gestión de la seguridad y salud en el trabajo. Requisitos con orientación para su uso'. Instituto Argentino de Normalización y Certificación. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  15. ^'ISO 45001 - der neue weltweite Standard für Gesundheit und Sicherheit am Arbeitsplatz'. 3 July 2018. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  16. ^'AS/NZS ISO 45001:2018'. SAI Global Limited. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  17. ^'Veiligheid en gezondheidsmanagementsystemen - Eisen met richtlijnen voor gebruik'. Bureau voor Normalisatie. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  18. ^'Sistemas de gestión de la seguridad y salud en el trabajo – Requisitos con orientación para su uso'. IBNORCA. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  19. ^'Sistemas de gestão de saúde e segurança ocupacional - Requisitos com orientação para uso'. Associação Brasileira de Normas Técnicas. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  20. ^'Системи за управление на здравето и безопасността при работа. Изисквания с указания за прилагане'. Instituto Argentino de Normalización y Certificación. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  21. ^'Sistemas de gestión de la seguridad y salud en el trabajo - Requisitos con orientación para su uso'. Instituto Nacional de Normalización. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  22. ^'Sistemas de gestión de la seguridad y salud en el trabajo. Requisitos con orientación para su uso'. ICONTEC Internacional. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  23. ^'Sistemas de gestión de la seguridad y salud en el trabajo - Requisitos con orientación para su uso'. Instituto de Normas Técnicas de Costa Rica. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  24. ^'Sustavi upravljanja zaštitom zdravlja i sigurnosti pri radu -- Zahtjevi s uputama za uporabu'. Hrvatski zavod za norme. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  25. ^'Systémy managementu bezpečnosti a ochrany zdraví při práci - Požadavky s návodem k použití'. Česká agentura pro standardizaci. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  26. ^'Arbejdsmiljøledelsessystemer – Krav og vejledning om brug'. Fonden Dansk Standard. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  27. ^'Catálogo de documentos normativos vigentes'. Dirección de Normalización. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  28. ^'Catalogo de normas'. Organismo Salvadoreño de Normalización. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  29. ^'Töötervishoiu ja tööohutuse juhtimissüsteemid. Nõuded koos kasutusjuhistega'. Eesti Standardikeskus. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
  30. ^'Työterveys- ja työturvallisuusjärjestelmät. Vaatimukset ja niiden soveltamisohjeita'. Suomen Standardisoimisliitto SFS ry. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  31. ^'სსტ ისო 45001:2018'. Georgian National Agency for Standards and Metrology. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  32. ^'Managementsysteme für Sicherheit und Gesundheit bei der Arbeit - Anforderungen mit Anleitung zur Anwendung'. Beuth Verlag. Retrieved 5 May 2018.
  33. ^'Συστήματα διαχείρισης για την υγεία και ασφάλεια στην εργασία - Απαιτήσεις και οδηγίες εφαρμογής'. Hellenic Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  34. ^'OHN-ISO 45001:2018'. Organismo Hondureño de Normalización. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  35. ^'A munkahelyi egészségvédelem és biztonság irányítási rendszere. Követelmények alkalmazási útmutatóval'. MSZT. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  36. ^saiglobal.com. 'I.S. ISO 45001:2018 Occupational health and safety managem... NSAI'. shop.standards.ie. Retrieved 26 March 2018.
  37. ^'ת'י 45001'. Standards Institute of Israel. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  38. ^'Sistemi di gestione per la salute e sicurezza sul lavoro'. UNI. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  39. ^'JIS Q 45001:2018'. Japanese Standards Association. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  40. ^'Arodveselības un darba drošības pārvaldības sistēmas. Prasības un lietošanas norādījumi'. Latvijas standarts. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  41. ^'Darbuotojų sveikatos ir saugos vadybos sistemos. Reikalavimai ir taikymo nurodymai'. Lietuvos standartizacijos departamentas. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  42. ^'MS ISO 45001:2018'. Department of Standards Malaysia. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  43. ^'Managementsystemen voor gezond en veilig werken - Eisen met richtlijnen voor gebruik'. NEN. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  44. ^'Ledelsessystemer for arbeidsmiljø - Krav og veiledning om bruk'. Standard Norge. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  45. ^'NP-ISO 45001. Sistemas de gestión de la seguridad y salud en el trabajo - Requisitos con orientación para su uso'. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología, Normalización y Metrología. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  46. ^'NTP-ISO 45001:2018'. Instituto Nacional de Calidad. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  47. ^'DTI approves the adoption of an International Standard on Occupational health and safety management systems as PNS'. Bureau of Philippine Standards. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  48. ^'Systemy zarządzania bezpieczeństwem i higieną pracy -- Wymagania i wytyczne stosowania'. Polski Komitet Normalizacyjny. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  49. ^'Sisteme de management al sănătăţii şi securităţii în muncă. Cerinţe şi îndrumări pentru utilizare'. ASRO. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  50. ^'Sistemi menadžmenta bezbednošću i zdravljem na radu - Zahtevi sa uputstvom za korišćenje'. Институт за стандардизацију Србије. Retrieved 21 May 2018.
  51. ^'Occupational health and safety management systems — Requirements with guidance for use'. Toppan Leefung Pte. Ltd. Retrieved 21 May 2018.
  52. ^'Systémy manažérstva bezpečnosti a ochrany zdravia pri práci. Požiadavky s návodom na používanie'. Úrad pre normalizáciu, metrológiu a skúšobníctvo SR. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  53. ^'Sistem vodenja varnosti in zdravja pri delu - Zahteve z napotki za uporabo'. Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  54. ^'SANS 45001:2018'. South African Bureau of Standards. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  55. ^'Ledningssystem för arbetsmiljö - Krav och vägledning'. SIS. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  56. ^'Occupational health and safety management systems - Requirements with guidance for use'. Schweizerische Normen-Vereinigung. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  57. ^'İş sağlığı ve güvenliği yönetim sistemleri - Kullanım için rehberlik gereksinimleri'. Türk Standardlari Enstitüsü. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  58. ^'Occupational health and safety management systems'. British Standards Institution. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  59. ^'ANSI/ASSP/ISO 45001-2018 Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems - Requirements with Guidance for Use'. The American Society of Safety Professionals. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  60. ^'Sistemas de gestión de la seguridad y salud en el trabajo — Requisitos con orientación para su uso'. Instituto Uruguayo de Normas Técnicas. Retrieved 13 May 2018.

External links[edit]

Retrieved from 'https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=ISO_45001&oldid=919201105'

ISO 14000 is a family of standards related to environmental management that exists to help organizations (a) minimize how their operations (processes, etc.) negatively affect the environment (i.e. cause adverse changes to air, water, or land); (b) comply with applicable laws, regulations, and other environmentally oriented requirements; and (c) continually improve in the above.[1]

ISO 14000 is similar to ISO 9000quality management in that both pertain to the process of how a product is produced, rather than to the product itself. As with ISO 9001, certification is performed by third-party organizations rather than being awarded by ISO directly. The ISO 19011 and ISO 17021 audit standards apply when audits are being performed.

The requirements of ISO 14001 are an integral part of the European Union's Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS). EMAS's structure and material are more demanding, mainly concerning performance improvement, legal compliance, and reporting duties.[2] The current version of ISO 14001 is ISO 14001:2015, which was published in September 2015.[3]

  • 3ISO 14001 standard
    • 3.2Basic principles and methodology
  • 4ISO 14001 and EMAS

Brief history of environmental management systems[edit]

In March 1992, BSI Group published the world's first environmental management systems standard, BS 7750, as part of a response to growing concerns about protecting the environment.[4] Prior to this, environmental management had been part of larger systems such as Responsible Care. BS 7750 supplied the template for the development of the ISO 14000 series in 1996, which has representation from ISO committees all over the world.[5][6] As of 2017, more than 300,000 certifications to ISO 14001 can be found in 171 countries.[7]

Prior to the development of the ISO 14000 series, organizations voluntarily constructed their own EMSs, but this made comparisons of environmental effects between companies difficult; therefore, the universal ISO 14000 series was developed. An EMS is defined by ISO as: 'part of the overall management system, that includes organizational structure, planning activities, responsibilities, practices, procedures, processes, and resources for developing, implementing, achieving, and maintaining the environmental policy.'[8]

Development of the ISO 14000 series[edit]

The ISO 14000 family includes most notably the ISO 14001 standard, which represents the core set of standards used by organizations for designing and implementing an effective environmental management system (EMS). Other standards in this series include ISO 14004, which gives additional guidelines for a good EMS, and more specialized standards dealing with specific aspects of environmental management. The major objective of the ISO 14000 series of norms is to provide 'practical tools for companies and organizations of all kinds looking to manage their environmental responsibilities.'[7]

The ISO 14000 series is based on a voluntary approach to environmental regulation.[9] The series includes the ISO 14001 standard, which provides guidelines for the establishment or improvement of an EMS. The standard shares many common traits with its predecessor, ISO 9000, the international standard of quality management[10], which served as a model for its internal structure[8], and both can be implemented side by side. As with ISO 9000, ISO 14000 acts both as an internal management tool and as a way of demonstrating a company’s environmental commitment to its customers and clients.[11]

ISO 14001 standard[edit]

ISO 14001 defines criteria for an EMS. It does not state requirements for environmental performance but rather maps out a framework that a company or organization can follow to set up an effective EMS. It can be used by any organization that wants to improve resource efficiency, reduce waste, and reduce costs. Using ISO 14001 can provide assurance to company management and employees as well as external stakeholders that environmental impact is being measured and improved.[7] ISO 14001 can also be integrated with other management functions and assists companies in meeting their environmental and economic goals.

ISO 14001, like other ISO 14000 standards, is voluntary[12], with its main aim to assist companies in continually improving their environmental performance and complying with any applicable legislation. The organization sets its own targets and performance measures, and the standard highlights what an organization needs to do to meet those goals, and to monitor and measure the situation.[12] The standard does not focus on measures and goals of environmental performance, but of the organization. The standard can be applied to a variety of levels in the business, from the organizational level down to the product and service level.

ISO 14001 is known as a generic management system standard, meaning that it is relevant to any organization seeking to improve and manage resources more effectively. This includes:

  • single-site to large multi-national companies
  • high-risk companies to low-risk service organizations
  • the manufacturing, process, and service industries, including local governments
  • all industry sectors, including public and private sectors
  • original equipment manufacturers and their suppliers

ISO 14001:2015[edit]

All standards are periodically reviewed by ISO to ensure they still meet market requirements. The current version is ISO 14001:2015, and certified organizations were given a three-year transition period to adapt their environmental management system to the new edition of the standard. The new version of ISO 14001 focuses on the improvement of environmental performance rather than the improvement of the management system itself.[13] It also includes several new updates all aimed at making environmental management more comprehensive and relevant to the supply chain. One of the main updates asks organizations to consider environmental impact during the entire life cycle, although there is no requirement to actually complete a life cycle analysis. Additionally, the commitments of top management and the methods of evaluating compliance have also been strengthened. Another significant change linked ISO 14001 to the general management system structure, introduced in 2015, called the High Level Structure. Both ISO 9001 and 14001 use this same structure, making implementation and auditing more uniform. The new standard also requires the holder of the certificate to specify risks and opportunities and how to address them.

Basic principles and methodology[edit]

The PDCA cycle

The basic principles of ISO 14001 are based on the well-known Plan-Do-Check-Act (PDCA) cycle.

Plan: Establish objectives and processes required[edit]

Prior to implementing ISO 14001, an initial review or gap analysis of the organization's processes and products is recommended, to assist in identifying all elements of the current operation and, if possible, future operations, that may interact with the environment, termed 'environmental aspects.'[14] Environmental aspects can include both direct, such as those used during manufacturing, and indirect, such as raw materials. This review assists the organization in establishing their environmental objectives, goals, and targets (which should ideally be measurable); helps with the development of control and management procedures and processes; and serves to highlight any relevant legal requirement, which can then be built into the policy.[14]

Do: Implement the processes[edit]

During this stage, the organization identifies the resources required and works out those members of the organization responsible for the EMS' implementation and control.[14] This includes establishing procedures and processes, although only one documented procedure is specifically related to operational control. Other procedures are required to foster better management control over elements such as documentation control, emergency preparedness and response, and the education of employees, to ensure that they can competently implement the necessary processes and record results. Communication and participation across all levels of the organization, especially top management, is a vital part of the implementation phase, with the effectiveness of the EMS being dependent on active involvement from all employees.[14]

Check: Measure and monitor the processes and report results[edit]

During the 'check' stage, performance is monitored and periodically measured to ensure that the organization's environmental targets and objectives are being met. In addition, internal audits are conducted at planned intervals to ascertain whether the EMS meets the user's expectations and whether the processes and procedures are being adequately maintained and monitored.[14]

Act: Take action to improve performance of EMS based on results[edit]

After the checking stage, a management review is conducted to ensure that the objectives of the EMS are being met, the extent to which they are being met, and that communications are being appropriately managed. Additionally, the review evaluates changing circumstances, such as legal requirements, in order to make recommendations for further improvement of the system. These recommendations are incorporated through continual improvement: plans are renewed or new plans are made, and the EMS moves forward.[14]

Continual Improvement Process (CI)[edit]

ISO 14001 encourages a company to continually improve its environmental performance. Apart from the obvious – the reduction in actual and possible negative environmental impacts – this is achieved in three ways[15]:

  • Expansion: Business areas increasingly get covered by the implemented EMS.
  • Enrichment: Activities, products, processes, emissions, resources, etc. increasingly get managed by the implemented EMS.
  • Upgrading: The structural and organizational framework of the EMS, as well as an accumulation of knowledge in dealing with business-environmental issues, is improved.

Overall, the CI concept expects the organization to gradually move away from merely operational environmental measures towards a more strategic approach on how to deal with environmental challenges.

Benefits[edit]

ISO 14001 was developed primarily to assist companies with a framework for better management control, which can result in reducing their environmental impacts. In addition to improvements in performance, organizations can reap a number of economic benefits, including higher conformance with legislative and regulatory requirements[16] by adopting the ISO standard. By minimizing the risk of regulatory and environmental liability fines and improving an organization’s efficiency[17], benefits can include a reduction in waste, consumption of resources, and operating costs. Secondly, as an internationally recognized standard, businesses operating in multiple locations across the globe can leverage their conformance to ISO 14001, eliminating the need for multiple registrations or certifications.[18] Thirdly, there has been a push in the last decade by consumers for companies to adopt better internal controls, making the incorporation of ISO 14001 a smart approach for the long-term viability of businesses. This can provide them with a competitive advantage against companies that do not adopt the standard (Potoki & Prakash, 2005). This in turn can have a positive impact on a company's asset value (Van der Deldt, 1997). It can lead to improved public perceptions of the business, placing them in a better position to operate in the international marketplace.[19][16] The use of ISO 14001 can demonstrate an innovative and forward-thinking approach to customers and prospective employees. It can increase a business’s access to new customers and business partners. In some markets it can potentially reduce public liability insurance costs. It can also serve to reduce trade barriers between registered businesses.[20] There is growing interest in including certification to ISO 14001 in tenders for public-private partnerships for infrastructure renewal. Evidence of value in terms of environmental quality and benefit to the taxpayer has been shown in highway projects in Canada.[citation needed]

Conformity assessment[edit]

ISO 14001 can be used in whole or in part to help an organization (for-profit or not-for-profit) better manage its relationship with the environment. If all the elements of ISO 14001 are incorporated into the management process, the organization may opt to prove that it has achieved full alignment or conformity with the international standard, ISO 14001, by using one of four recognized options. These are[14]:

  1. make a self-determination and self-declaration, or
  2. seek confirmation of its conformance by parties having an interest in the organization, such as customers, or
  3. seek confirmation of its self-declaration by a party external to the organization, or
  4. seek certification/registration of its EMS by an external organization.

ISO does not control conformity assessment; its mandate is to develop and maintain standards. ISO has a neutral policy on conformity assessment in so much that one option is not better than the next. Each option serves different market needs. The adopting organization decides which option is best for them, in conjunction with their market needs.

Option one is sometimes incorrectly referred to as 'self-certify' or 'self-certification'. This is not an acceptable reference under ISO terms and definitions, for it can lead to confusion in the market.[14] The user is responsible for making their own determination.

Option two is often referred to as a customer or 2nd-party audit, which is an acceptable market term.

Option three is an independent third-party process by an organization that is based on an engagement activity and delivered by specially trained practitioners. This option was based on an accounting procedure branded as the EnviroReady Report, which was created to help small- and medium-sized organizations. Its development was originally based on the Canadian Handbook for Accountants; it is now based on an international accounting standard.

The fourth option, certification, is another independent third-party process, which has been widely implemented by all types of organizations. Certification is also known in some countries as registration. Service providers of certification or registration are accredited by national accreditation services such as UKAS in the UK.

ISO 14001 and EMAS[edit]

In 2010, the latest EMAS Regulation (EMAS III) entered into force; the scheme is now globally applicable, and includes key performance indicators and a range of further improvements. As of April 2017, more than 3,900 organizations and approximately 9,200 sites are EMAS registered.[21]

Complementarities and differences[edit]

ISO 14001's EMS requirements are similar to those of EMAS. Additional requirements for EMAS include[2]:

  • stricter requirements on the measurement and evaluation of environmental performance against objectives and targets
  • government supervision of the environmental verifiers
  • strong employee involvement; EMAS organizations acknowledge that active employee involvement is a driving force and a prerequisite for continuous and successful environmental improvements.
  • environmental core indicators creating multi-annual comparability within and between organizations
  • mandatory provision of information to the general public
  • registration by a public authority

Ohsas 18001

ISO 14001 use in supply chains[edit]

There are many reasons that ISO 14001 should be potentially attractive to supply chain managers, including the use of the voluntary standard to guide the development of integrated systems, its requirement for supply chain members in industries such as automotive and aerospace, the potential of pollution prevention leading to reduced costs of production and higher profits, its alignment with the growing importance of corporate social responsibility, and the possibility that an ISO-registered system may provide firms with a unique environmental resource, capabilities, and benefits that lead to competitive advantage.

Research on the supply chain impact of ISO 14001 registration posited that potential positive impacts might include more proactive environmental management, higher levels of communication, higher levels of waste reduction and cost efficiency, better ROI, higher levels of customer relationship management, fewer issues with employee health, and a reduced number of safety incidents. This research concluded that ISO 14001 registration can be leveraged across the supply chain for competitive advantage.[22]

List of ISO 14000 series standards[edit]

  • ISO 14001 Environmental management systems - Requirements with guidance for use
  • ISO 14004 Environmental management systems - General guidelines on implementation
  • ISO 14006 Environmental management systems - Guidelines for incorporating ecodesign
  • ISO 14015 Environmental management - Environmental assessment of sites and organizations (EASO)
  • ISO 14020 to 14025 Environmental labels and declarations
  • ISO/NP 14030 Green bonds -- Environmental performance of nominated projects and assets; discusses post-production environmental assessment
  • ISO 14031 Environmental management - Environmental performance evaluation - Guidelines
  • ISO 14040 to 14049 Environmental management - Life cycle assessment; discusses pre-production planning and environment goal setting
  • ISO 14050 Environmental management - Vocabulary; terms and definitions
  • ISO/TR 14062 Environmental management - Integrating environmental aspects into product design and development
  • ISO 14063 Environmental management - Environmental communication - Guidelines and examples
  • ISO 14064 Greenhouse gases; measuring, quantifying, and reducing greenhouse gas emissions


See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Iso 14001 Standards Pdf

References[edit]

Iso 14001 History Chart

  1. ^'ISO 14000 family - Environmental management'. www.iso.org. ISO. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  2. ^ ab'From ISO 14001 to EMAS: Mind the gap'(PDF). Office of the German EMAS Advisory Board. August 2014. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  3. ^Naden, C. (15 September 2015). 'The newly revised ISO 14001 is here'. International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  4. ^Smith, C. (1993). 'BS 7750 and environmental management'. Coloration Technology. 109 (9): 278–279. doi:10.1111/j.1478-4408.1993.tb01574.x.
  5. ^Clements, R.B. (1996-01-01). Complete Guide to ISO 14000. Prentice Hall. p. 316. ISBN9780132429757.
  6. ^Brorson, T. (1999). Environmental Management: How to Implement an Environmental Management System Within a Company Or Other Organisation. EMS AB. p. 300. ISBN9789163076619.
  7. ^ abc'ISO 14000 family - Environmental management'. International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 22 May 2017.
  8. ^ abNational Research Council (1999). Environmental Management Systems and ISO 14001 Federal Facilities Council Report No. 138. National Academies Press. doi:10.17226/6481. ISBN9780309184342.
  9. ^Szymanski, M.; Tiwari, P. (2004). 'ISO 14001 and the Reduction of Toxic Emissions'. The Journal of Policy Reform. 7 (1): 31–42. doi:10.1080/1384128042000219717.
  10. ^Jackson, S.L. (1997). 'Monitoring and measurement systems for implementing ISO 14001'. Environmental Quality Management. 6 (3): 33–41. doi:10.1002/tqem.3310060306.
  11. ^Boiral, O. (2007). 'Corporate Greening Through ISO 14001: A Rational Myth?'. Organization Science. 18 (1): 127–46. doi:10.1287/orsc.1060.0224.
  12. ^ ab'ISO 14001'. International Institute for Sustainable Development. 2013. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  13. ^'ISO 14001 Environmental Management Systems - Revision'. International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  14. ^ abcdefghMartin, R. (10 March 1998). 'ISO 14001 Guidance Manual'(PDF). National Center for Environmental Decision-Making Research. Archived from the original(PDF) on 28 July 2011. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  15. ^Gastl, R. (2009). Kontinuierliche Verbesserung im Umweltmanagement: Die KVP-Forderung der ISO 14001 in Theorie und Unternehmenspraxis. vdf Hochschulverlag AG. p. 336. doi:10.3218/3231-4. ISBN9783728132314.
  16. ^ abSheldon, C. (1997). ISO 14001 and Beyond: Environmental Management Systems in the Real World. Greenleaf Publishing. p. 410. ISBN9781874719014.
  17. ^Delmas, M. (2004). 'Erratum to 'Stakeholders and Competitive Advantage: The Case of ISO 14001''. Production and Operations Management. 13 (4): 398. doi:10.1111/j.1937-5956.2004.tb00226.x.
  18. ^Hutchens Jr., S. 'Using ISO 9001 or ISO 14001 to Gain a Competitive Advantage'. Intertek. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  19. ^Potoski, M.; Prakash, A. (2005). 'Green Clubs and Voluntary Governance: ISO 14001 and Firms' Regulatory Compliance'. American Journal of Political Science. 49 (2): 235–248. CiteSeerX10.1.1.459.2962. doi:10.1111/j.0092-5853.2005.00120.x.
  20. ^Van der Veldt, D. (1997). 'Case studies of ISO 14001: A new business guide for global environmental protection'. Environmental Quality Management. 7 (1): 1–19. doi:10.1002/tqem.3310070102.
  21. ^'Statistics & graphs'. European Commission. April 2017. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  22. ^Curkovic, S.; Sroufe, R. (2011). 'Using ISO 14001 to promote a sustainable supply chain strategy'. Business Strategy and the Environment. 20 (2): 71–93. doi:10.1002/bse.671.

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